Geese in Arkansas (Complete Guide & FREE ID Chart)

  • By: Jim
  • Date: July 3, 2022
  • Time to read: 2 min.

There are five geese species that call Arkansas home. In this guide, we will provide a complete guide to the different types of geese found in Arkansas. We’ll discuss their physical characteristics, behavior, diet, and more!

What kind of geese are in Arkansas?

  • Canada Goose
  • Snow Goose
  • Ross’s Goose
  • Cackling Goose
  • Greater White-fronted Goose
  • Egyptian Goose (newly resident in Arkansas but not currently licenced for shooting in the state).

The geese present are similar to the neighboring states of Tennesse geese species and Mississippi geese species and Oklahoma geese.

Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)

Canada Goose
Canada Goose

The Canada goose is the most common goose species in North America. These birds are easily recognizable thanks to their black heads and necks, white chins, and brown bodies.

  • Scientific Name: Branta canadensis
  • Height: 75 to 110 cm (30 to 43 in)
  • Wingspan: 127–185 cm (50–73 in)
  • Weight: Usual: 2.6–6.5 kg (5.7–14.3 lb); Average: 3.9 kg (8.6 lb)

Canada Goose Description

Canada goose is a large water bird that has a black head and neck, white cheeks, and a brownish-gray body. They have webbed feet and can be seen on lakes, ponds, and rivers throughout the United States in summer.

Canada Goose Sound

credit https://xeno-canto.org/559271

Canada Goose Habitat & Range

Their habitat includes grasslands, marshes, open woodland areas, and agricultural fields including cornfields where they eat the seeds on the ground.

They are often found near lakes, ponds, rivers, marshes, and open fields where they feed on grasses, aquatic plants, small animals, insects, and grain crops.

Credit: allaboutbirds.org

Canada Goose Diet

Canada geese are popular game birds; they are also used for their feathers and leather. Their diet consists mainly of plant material including grasses and grains, but occasionally insect larvae and worms.

Canada Goose Nesting

Canada geese typically mate for life and often return to the same nesting site year after year. These birds build their nests on the ground, near water sources such as lakes or ponds.

During the nesting season, female Canada geese will lay between three and eight eggs. Once the eggs hatch, the goslings will stay with their parents until they are ready to migrate in the autumn.

Snow Goose (Anser caerulescens)

Snow Goose

The Snow Goose is one of the most abundant geese in North America, and has been hunted heavily for its meat by humans for centuries; its population has declined significantly since the 1960s due to hunting pressure and habitat loss caused by human activity. These birds are also known to migrate long distances, often flying over 2000 miles in a single journey! They are very social animals, and can be found in flocks of thousands during migration season.

  • Scientific Name: Anser caerulescens
  • Height: 64 to 79 cm (25 to 31 in.)
  • Wingspan: 135 to 165 cm (53 to 65 in)
  • Weight: 2.05 to 2.7 kg (4.5 to 6.0 lb)

Snow Goose Description

The snow goose is a large waterfowl that has white plumage with black wingtips and is a species of goose native to North America, the tundra, and grasslands. It has a black neck, white cheeks, and a pale gray belly. It also has a black bill with a yellow tip. Its feet are orange to dull greenish yellow. They are large birds, averaging between 3.2-4.9 kg and often exhibit black bars on their wings and a white patch on the rump.

Snow Goose Sound

credit https://xeno-canto.org/220926

Snow Goose Habitat & Range

These birds are capable of flying for long distances without getting rest. It is one of the few species that can fly non-stop for 3,000 miles without stopping for rest or food.

They are mostly found in the Arctic areas, including North America, Greenland and Canada, where their numbers have increased in recent years due to conservation efforts to protect them from extinction.

They migrate south during the winter months when food supplies are scarce.

Snow Goose Range Map credit: allaboutbirds.org

Snow Goose Diet

They have been known to eat a variety of foods including seeds, roots and tubers as well as insects, snails and small fish. The Snow Goose is one of the few species of geese that have been observed using tools to help them catch prey. They have been seen using sticks or stones as weapons or shields when hunting for food!

They can also dive underwater to get food which means they don’t need to eat on land all the time like other birds do (they can just swim around until they find something they like).

Snow Goose Nesting

Snow geese are known to mate for life. A male will typically find two or three females depending on his age and experience level as a hunter-gatherer type personality. A female may lay up to 14 eggs at once but usually, only 1 or 2 survive because of predators such as other birds like raptors and even humans who hunt them down during hunting season!

Hunting Snow Geese in Arkansas

Snow goose hunting is permitted with a valid hunting license and during allowed shooting hours. In fact, there are so many geese present in Arkansas, they are not only destroying critical habitat for themselves and other species, but also causing problems for Arkansas farmers and local golf courses due to the huge flocks.

At present there is a no bag limit and conservation order as the Arkansas game and fish commission try to conduct eradication efforts and other population control measures on Snow Goose, Ross’s Goose and Blue goose.

Ross’s Goose (Anser Rossii)

Ross’s Goose

Ross’s Goose is an excellent flier but is known for being rather clumsy on land due to its short legs and long body. The wings are broad and have white tips, which are visible when flying overhead or from afar as they flap their wings rapidly while flying low over water bodies such as lakes or rivers (where many other geese stop for food sources). They also make loud honking calls that sound like “honk-honk-honk” while flying overhead; this call seems fitting considering how clumsy they are on land!

  • Scientific Name: Anser rossii
  • Height: Male: 23.2-25.2 in (59–64 cm) / Female: 22.6-24.4 in (57.3–62 cm)
  • Wingspan: 44.5-45.7 in (113–116 cm)
  • Weight: Male: 42.3-55.3 oz (1198-1567 g) / Female: 37.6–51.3 oz (1066–1454 g)

Ross’s Goose Description

A mallard-sized white goose with black wingtips and tail, a relatively short neck, and a pink bill and the legs are pink. Very similar to the Snow Goose, which it is often seen with, but is smaller with a smaller bill and a rounder head.

Ross’s Goose Sound

credit https://xeno-canto.org/220930

Ross’s Goose Habitat & Range

This bird can be found in Alaska, Canada, Greenland, and the Arctic tundra of North America and Eurasia during the summer months.

However, during the winter months, it migrates south to California, Mexico, and Texas where they spend time from November through March each year before returning north again when spring arrives again.

Ross’s Goose Range Map credit allaboutbirds.org

Ross’s Goose Diet

In the summer months, it lives in wetlands, lakes, and rivers where it feeds on aquatic plants. In the winter it moves south to warmer climates where it feeds on grasses, grains, and other types of vegetation. The Ross’s Goose has a unique diet, which includes small fish and insects.

Ross’s Goose Nesting

The Ross’s goose nests near water, often on islands or peninsulas. The nest is a scrape in the ground, lined with vegetation. The female lays three to seven eggs.

Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons)

Greater White-fronted Goose

The Greater White-fronted goose is named after the white patch at the top of its bill. These are medium-sized geese. It is named for the patch of white feathers bordering the base of its bill. In fact, albifrons comes from the Latin albus “white” and frons “forehead”.

  • Scientific Name: Anser albifrons
  • Height: 64–81 cm (25–32 in)
  • Wingspan: 130–165 cm (51–65 in)
  • Weight: 1.93–3.31 kg (4 lb 4 oz – 7 lb 5 oz)

Greater White-fronted Goose Description

The Greater White-fronted Goose is a dusky-brown goose with a long, thin neck and a small bill. It is characterized by its white belly and white patch on its face with orange legs. The bill is pinkish or orange with a white tip.

Listen to Greater White-fronted Goose

credit https://xeno-canto.org/702491

Greater White-fronted Goose Habitat & Range

The Greater White-fronted Goose is native to the northern hemisphere in North America and Eurasia. They are found in open areas such as grasslands, wetlands, taiga, arctic tundra, and alpine meadows, pond edges and lakeshores during the summer months and migrate south for the winter months. They prefer to nest on tundra or lakeshores but will nest on rocky beaches if necessary.

The Greater White-fronted Goose can be found in the Arctic tundra of North America, Europe, and Asia. They are migratory birds that breed in Canada, the United States, Iceland, and Greenland. In the winter they migrate south to Northern Africa and southern Europe.

Greater White-fronted Goose Diet

They prefer grassy areas with some water nearby for food sources but can also adapt to other habitats. They also feed on plants such as sedges, grasses, rushes and other aquatic plants as well as insects such as beetles and spiders that live in these habitats. They also eat insects such as moths and worms as well as small frogs or fish.

Greater White-fronted Nesting

The population of Greater White-fronted Geese is estimated at around 10 million birds worldwide which makes them one of the most abundant geese species! They lay 5-6 cream colored eggs in grassy sections.

Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii)

Cackling Goose
Cackling Goose

Once considered part of the Canada Goose species, this has now been classified as a distinct species in its own right. It’s high pitched voice distinguishes it from the Canada goose which has a much lower pitched honk.

  • Scientific Name: Branta hutchinsii
  • Height: 24.8–25.6 in (63–65 cm)
  • Wingspan: 43 inches
  • Weight: 3.5 lbs

Cackling Goose Description

Very similar to the Canada Goose, but they have rounder heads and shorter bills. On the dark coast the birds are darker than those found on the east coast. The head is black with a white chin or neck strap, with a greyish brown body and black legs, feet and bill.

Listen to Cackling Goose

credit https://xeno-canto.org/320748

Cackling Goose Habitat and Range

The Cackling Goose’s breeding habitat is wet meadows near lakes or ponds where they feed on grasses, sedges, and other plants. They nest on the ground in areas that are often flooded by water during the spring months.

In the late summer months when the breeding season has ended, cackling geese will migrate southward towards warmer climates in order to escape cold weather conditions found further north.

Cackling Goose Range Map credit : allaboutbirds.org

Cackling Goose Diet

Cackling Geese are omnivores which means they eat both plants as well as seeds, roots, small animals such as insects or worms, and grasses during the summer months, and crustaceans such as clams or snails. However, their main source of food comes from grazing on grasses along marshes or fields which can be found near large bodies of water such as lakes or rivers.

Cackling Goose Nesting

Only females incubate the eggs (laying between 2-8) and the goslings leave the nest within 24 hours, and fledge at 6 weeks, though they stay with the family for migration.

In Arkansas, you are allowed to use full-body decoys and electronic calls, along with a no possession limit to try and reduce the large flocks of these two species, so hunters can enjoy some great hunting with the large spread. Allowing increased harvest in waterfowl hunting is one socially acceptable way that these flocks are kept manageable.

The Arkansas Game and Fish Commission has been working with the University of Arkansas’s Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit to study recent increases in nonnative Egyptian Geese.