Tiny Tummies, Big Appetites: What Can Ducklings Eat?



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One of the most important aspects of raising ducklings is providing them with the right kind of food. Knowing what can ducklings eat is crucial to their growth and development.

So, what can baby ducks eat?

Feeding baby ducks can be a fun and rewarding experience, but it’s important to do it right. In this article, we will explore what can ducklings eat, including their nutritional needs, recommended foods, and feeding tips to ensure that your little feathered friends grow up healthy and strong.

  • Ducklings need high-protein, nutrient-rich diets for proper growth
  • Feed them non-medicated starter feed or crumbles in their early weeks
  • Gradually introduce vegetables, grains, and insects; avoid bread

What to Feed Ducklings

When it comes to feeding ducklings, it is important to provide them with a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. A varied diet that includes protein sources, vegetables and greens, fruits and berries, insects and worms, grains and seeds, and duckling feed is essential for their growth and development.

Avoid feeding your young birds too much food, they will eat anything thrown at them and often visitors might give your pet duck a little snack, but its important to try and mimic a wild birds diet as much as possible.

Protein Sources

Protein is an essential nutrient for ducklings, and there are many sources of protein that they can eat. Some good options include mealworms, earthworms, dried insects, dried shrimps, and darkling beetles. They can also eat small amounts of cat food, but it should not be their primary source of protein.

Vegetables and Greens

Vegetables and greens are an important part of a duckling’s diet. They can eat a variety of leafy greens, such as spinach, kale, Swiss chard, and lettuce. They can also eat vegetables like peas, cucumber, and cabbage. It is important to avoid feeding them vegetables that are too tough for them to consume, unless they have been cooked or softened first.

Fruits and Berries

Baby ducks eat fruits and berries as treats, just like wild ducks. Some good options include strawberries, blueberries, melon, and peaches. However, it is important to avoid feeding them too many fruits, as they are high in sugar and avoid citrus fruits for your baby duck.

Insects and Worms

Insects and worms are a great source of protein for baby ducks. They can eat mealworms, earthworms, and crickets. When raising ducks it is important to avoid feeding them insects that have been sprayed with pesticides.

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Grains and Seeds

Grains and seeds are a good source of carbohydrates for ducklings. They can eat barley, oats, and birdseed. It is important to avoid feeding them too many grains, as they are low in protein.

Duckling Feed

Duck starter feed is specially formulated to meet the nutritional needs of growing ducklings. It contains the right balance of nutrients, including niacin, which is essential for their growth and development. Ducklings can eat chick starter feed, but it is important to make sure it is non-medicated.

When you feed baby ducks, follow these guidelines:

  1. Provide a high-quality, non-medicated duckling starter feed as their primary source of nutrition. Ensure it has the appropriate protein and niacin levels for healthy growth.
  2. Introduce fresh greens, such as chopped lettuce, spinach, or kale, gradually as the ducklings grow. Make sure the greens are washed and chopped into small pieces to make them easy for the ducklings to eat.
  3. As the ducklings mature, you can offer them small amounts of chopped vegetables, such as peas, corn, and carrots, as well as fruits like berries or chopped grapes. Remember to limit fruit intake, as they can be high in sugar.
  4. Provide clean, fresh water for the ducklings at all times. They need water to help them swallow their food and clean their bills while they eat.
  5. For treats you can offer shrimp or insests such as black soldier fly larvae (available from the feed store in dried format), ducks can eat shrimp and love it and its high protein treats and healthy treats like this which are perfect for young poultry.

Best Duck Feed Pellets

Are you a duck owner looking for the perfect feed to keep your feathered friends happy and healthy? Look no further than Purina Duck Feed Pellets! With their nutritionally balanced formula and high-quality ingredients, these pellets are the ultimate solution for providing your ducks with the nutrition they need to thrive.


  • Complete Nutrition: Purina Duck Feed Pellets are nutritionally balanced to provide all the essential vitamins and minerals that ducks need to stay healthy and strong.
  • Easy to Digest: The pellets are specially formulated to be easy to digest, which makes them ideal for ducks of all ages.
  • Promotes Growth and Development: With its balanced nutrition formula, Purina Duck Feed Pellets are designed to support healthy growth and development in ducks.
  • Suitable for All Breeds: Whether you have domestic ducks or wild ducks, Purina Duck Feed Pellets are suitable for all breeds of ducks.
  • Trusted Quality: Purina has been producing high-quality animal feed for over 100 years, so you can trust that your ducks are getting the best possible nutrition with Purina Duck Feed Pellets.


  • Cost: Compared to other types of duck feed on the market, Purina Duck Feed Pellets can be slightly more expensive. However, many customers feel that the high-quality ingredients and balanced nutrition formula are worth the extra investment.
  • Pellet Size: Some customers have noted that the pellet size of Purina Duck Feed Pellets can be quite large, which may not be suitable for smaller or younger ducks. However, many customers have reported that the pellets can easily be broken up or soaked in water to make them easier to eat.

Switching to Layer Feed at 18 Weeks

At around 18 weeks of age, ducks reach maturity and should be switched from their duckling starter feed to a layer feed. Layer feed is specifically formulated to meet the nutritional requirements of adult ducks, providing the necessary nutrients and minerals for proper egg production and overall health.

When transitioning your young ducks to layer feed, follow these guidelines:

  1. Gradually introduce the new feed by mixing it with the duckling starter feed. Begin with a small amount of layer feed mixed with the starter feed, gradually increasing the proportion of layer feed over several days until they are fully transitioned.
  2. Ensure the layer feed you choose is high-quality and suitable for your specific duck breed or species. Consult with a veterinarian or duck care expert for recommendations.
  3. Continue to provide fresh water for your ducks at all times, as they need it to drink and clean their bills while they eat.
  4. Monitor the health of your ducks as they transition to the new feed, and consult a veterinarian or duck care expert if you notice any issues or concerns.

Feeding ducklings a varied diet that includes protein sources, vegetables and greens, fruits and berries, insects and worms, grains and seeds, and duckling feed is essential for their growth and development. By providing them with a balanced diet and access to clean water and grit, you can help ensure that they grow up healthy and strong.

Water and Grit

Young ducklings require clean water at all times. It is essential for their health and well-being. They should have access to water deep enough to submerge their entire head. A chick waterer is suitable for the first week or two, but eventually, they will need something deeper.

A shallow dish with a diameter of at least 12 inches and a depth of 3-4 inches is ideal. The water should be changed daily, and the container should be cleaned regularly to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria.

Grit is also crucial for ducklings. It aids in the digestion of their food. Grit is small, hard particles that the ducklings swallow to grind up their food in their gizzard. When ducks forage, the grit can be comprised of sand and other natural roughage found on the ground. However, if they are kept in enclosures without access to dirt, sprinkle a small amount of grit on their food once a week to help with digestion.

Calcium is another essential element in a duckling’s diet. It is necessary for the development of strong bones and eggshells. Crushed oyster shells are an excellent source of calcium. You can mix them in with their food or offer them in a separate container. However, it is essential to ensure that the oyster shells are crushed finely enough for the ducklings to eat.

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Clean water, grit, and calcium are all crucial elements in a duckling’s diet. Ensure that they have access to clean water at all times, offer grit to aid in digestion, and provide a source of calcium for strong bones and eggshells.

Treats for Ducklings

Ducklings love treats, and they can be a great way to supplement their diet. However, it’s important to remember that treats should only make up a small portion of their overall diet. Here are some treats that ducklings can enjoy:

Fruits and Vegetables

Ducklings can enjoy a variety of fruits and vegetables as treats. Some good options include:

  • Bananas
  • Berries (strawberries, blueberries, raspberries)
  • Grapes (cut in half)
  • Watermelon (seedless)
  • Carrots
  • Peas
  • Lettuce
  • Spinach

It’s important to remember that not all fruits and vegetables are safe for ducklings. Avoid feeding them onions, garlic, and avocado, as these can be harmful to their health.

Protein Treats

Ducklings need protein to grow and develop properly. Here are some protein treats that they can enjoy:

  • Mealworms
  • Worms
  • Crickets
  • Cat food (wet or dry)
  • Hard-boiled eggs (chopped)
  • Shrimp (dried or fresh)

Other Treats

In addition to fruits, vegetables, and protein treats, there are other snacks that ducklings can enjoy. These include:

  • Crackers (unsalted)
  • Popcorn (plain, air-popped)
  • Nuts (unsalted, chopped)
  • Oatmeal (cooked)
  • Rice (cooked)

It’s important to remember that treats should only make up a small portion of a duckling’s diet. The majority of their diet should consist of a high-quality commercial feed or a homemade feed that meets their nutritional needs.

Risks and Considerations

Feeding ducklings can be a fun and rewarding experience, but it’s important to be aware of the risks and considerations involved. This section will cover some of the nutritional and physical risks associated with feeding ducklings.

Nutritional Risks

Ducklings require a balanced and nutritious diet to grow and develop properly. However, overfeeding or feeding the wrong foods can lead to nutritional imbalances and health problems. Some foods that should be avoided or fed in moderation include:

  • Chocolate: Chocolate contains theobromine, which can be toxic to ducks. Symptoms of chocolate poisoning in ducks include vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, and death.
  • Avocados: Avocado contains persin, which can be toxic to ducks. Symptoms of avocado poisoning in ducks include respiratory distress, weakness, and sudden death.
  • Onions: Onions contain compounds that can damage red blood cells and cause anemia in ducks.

It’s also important to ensure that ducklings receive adequate amounts of essential minerals, such as calcium and phosphorus. A deficiency in these minerals can lead to health problems such as weak bones and poor egg quality in adult ducks.

Physical Risks

Feeding ducklings the wrong foods or overfeeding them can also lead to physical health problems. One common issue is angel wing, a condition where the wings of a duckling grow too quickly and become deformed. This can be caused by a diet that is too high in protein or calories.

Another issue to be aware of is the risk of infection from duckling poop. Ducklings can carry bacteria such as Salmonella, which can be transmitted to humans through contact with their feces. It’s important to wash your hands thoroughly after handling ducklings or their bedding.

Finally, it’s worth noting that ducks are omnivores and can eat meat as well as vegetation. While some sources recommend feeding ducklings small fish or snails, it’s important to be cautious and avoid feeding them anything that could be contaminated or cause health problems.

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  • Users with hard water may experience difficulty in separating the inner cup from the main cup of the waterer due to mineral buildup.
  • The feeder’s holes may be too large for some users, allowing chickens to scatter food out, which could result in waste.
  • The waterer may not function effectively in colder climates, requiring alternative solutions during the winter months.

Feeding young ducklings can be a fun and rewarding experience, but it’s important to be aware of the risks and considerations involved. By providing a balanced and nutritious diet and avoiding potentially harmful foods, you can help ensure that your ducklings grow up healthy and happy.

FAQS on What Do Duckings Eat

What can I feed a baby duck?

Baby ducks should be fed a high-quality, duckling-specific starter feed that is formulated to meet their nutritional needs for proper growth and development. Ensure that the feed is non-medicated, as medicated feed designed for chickens can be harmful to ducklings.

What can ducklings not eat?

Do not feed ducks, especially baby ducks the following items:

  1. Bread, crackers, or pastries
  2. Salty or sugary snacks
  3. Citrus fruits
  4. Avocado, as it is toxic to ducks
  5. Chocolate or foods containing caffeine
  6. Moldy or spoiled food
  7. Medicated poultry feed

It is the same food to avoid when you feed wild ducks or the mother duck, baby ducks ducklings also need extra healthy food, and extra Vitamin B for their bones and bills to ensure you have healthy baby ducklings. Most duckling feed will have extra vitamin B to give your pet duckling that vital boost they need. Brewer’s yeast can also be added to boost your pet ducks.

Can ducklings eat fruit or vegetables?

Yes, ducklings can eat small amounts of fruit or vegetables as occasional treats. However, their primary source of nutrition should be duckling-specific starter feed. If you choose to offer fruits or vegetables, ensure they are chopped into small, manageable pieces and avoid citrus fruits. They can eat plenty of salad greens cucumber peas, meal worms as a treat the same as mature ducks.

What can baby ducks eat besides duck food?

In addition to duck-specific feed, baby ducks can eat small insects or worms, leafy greens, and occasional fruits or vegetables as treats. Make sure to introduce new foods gradually and monitor their health.

What should you not feed ducklings?

Ducklings should not be fed bread, salty or sugary snacks, citrus fruits, avocado, chocolate or foods containing caffeine, moldy or spoiled food, or medicated poultry feed, as these can be harmful to their health.

What are ducklings’ favorite food?

Ducklings tend to enjoy small insects or worms, such as mealworms or earthworms, as well as leafy greens and vegetables like peas, corn, and chopped carrots. However, their primary source of nutrition should be duckling-specific starter feed, which is designed to meet their dietary needs.

Always consult with a veterinarian or duck care expert to determine the best diet for your specific duck breed or species when keeping ducks.

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