How to Protect Ducks From Hawks

  • By: Jim
  • Date: July 30, 2022
  • Time to read: 8 min.

Ducks also require a lot of space to roam and forage in, so it’s important to provide them with enough room if you plan on keeping them in your backyard.

Unfortunately, ducks can be preyed upon by birds of prey like hawks. Hawks often attack ducks because they see them as an easy meal. Ducks that are not protected from hawks can quickly become victims.

Fortunately, there are several ways to protect your ducks from attacking hawks including getting rid of rodents, getting a watchdog, installing an overheard cover and many more.

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What Attracts Hawks to Backyards?

Hawks are carnivorous birds of prey that can be found in a variety of habitats around the world. While some species prefer open areas such as grasslands or deserts, others prefer more forested habitats.

In recent years, however, many hawks have begun to take advantage of the abundance of food and shelter available in suburban and urban areas.

One of the most appealing aspects of backyard habitats for hawks is the abundance of small rodents and other critters.

Hawks typically hunt by perching atop a high vantage point and scanning the ground below for their next meal. Thanks to the presence of trees, bushes, and tall grasses, backyards provide plenty of places for hawks to hide while they wait to pounce on their unsuspecting prey.

In addition to providing a plentiful food source, backyards also offer hawks a place to build their nests. Tall trees with thick leaves are especially attractive to these birds as they offer both cover and protection from the elements.

Similarly, bird baths can provide a much-needed source of water for thirsty hawks during hot summer days.

Backyard fowl such as chickens and ducks can also attract hawks to your property. While these birds are not typically on the menu for most hawks, they can provide an easy meal if the opportunity arises.

How to Protect Your Ducks From Predators Such as Hawks

Hawks are deadly birds known for killing poultry and other prey animals such as ducks and chickens.

Unfortunately, you can’t just kill hawks, at least not without a valid permit. But this doesn’t mean you can’t deter them from visiting your backyard.

Here are a few ways to deter hawks and other flying predators from possibly preying on your free-range flock of ducks and chickens.

Get Rid of the Hawk’s Food Source

Hawks hunt mice and other rodents. They also hunt small mammals and reptiles. If you can get rid of the animals that attract predators, you will make your backyard much less attractive to them.

One way to do this is to get rid of any food sources that might attract rodents or other small animals. This means keeping your duck feed in a secure area where rodents cannot get to it and cleaning up any spilled feed immediately.

You should also take steps to keep snakes and other reptiles out of your backyard. This might include removing any potential hiding spots for them, such as piles of leaves or wood.

Get A Watchdog

Getting a watchdog or guard animal can keep your ducks safe from an aerial predator such as hawk. The main thing that a watchdog does to keep hawks and most predators away is bark to alert the ducks when it sees one.

This allows a single flock member to group with the others and makes it harder for the hawk to single out one as prey. Hawks will also avoid areas where they know there are dogs present, as they don’t want to risk being caught by one.

The Great Pyrenees, Maremma Sheepdog and Austrlian shepherd are all great choices for guarding livestock and poultry. All three breeds are large, powerful and protective, and will make excellent guards against predators and thieves.

Australian Shepherds are one of the best guard dog breeds for both livestock and poultry protection. They are very loyal and protective of their owners and their property, which makes them perfect for guarding against predators.

The Great Pyrenees are also excellent guard dogs. They are large, powerful dogs that are very territorial and will do whatever it takes to protect their flock.

Maremma Sheepdogs are another great option for guarding livestock and poultry. They are gentle, loving dogs that bond closely with their charges and will do anything to keep them safe.

If you’re not fond of dogs, guard cats are good alternatives. But keep in mind that an untrained cat may prey on your ducks instead of protecting them.

Install Bird Reflectors

The sudden shining light reflecting off the reflectors will scare hawks since it interrupts their hunting patterns. If they associate your backyard with this negative experience, they are likely to stay away

To effectively keep hawks away, place bird reflectors in strategic locations around your yard — especially near areas where you’ve seen hawks perched or hunting.

You can also put them up near bird feeders to keep hawks from swooping down and grabbing a meal.

Keep in mind that you’ll need to regularly clean the reflectors to maintain their effectiveness. And as with any bird deterrent, there’s no guarantee that they will work 100% of the time.

Secure Your Chicken Coop or Duck Coop

One way to help secure your first duck coop from hawks is to build a sturdy coop. The sturdier the coop, the more difficult it will be for a hawk to break in and harm your ducks.

Another way to protect your ducks is to make sure their coop door is closed at all times. A closed coop will make it more difficult for hawks to get to your ducks. You can also try to keep your duck coop in a more secluded area where hawks are less likely to spot them.

Installing chicken wire or hardware cloth around your chicken coop will also help to protect your poultry from predators.

Chicken wire is a type of wire mesh that is used to keep chickens fenced in. It is also used to protect chicken coops from predators such as foxes, weasels, and raccoons.

Hardware cloth is a type of wire mesh that is made from galvanized steel or stainless steel. It is often used to keep rodents out of chicken coops

Install an Overhead Cover

Consider installing an overhead cover to the area where your duck spends most of its time.

The cover provides a physical barrier that the hawk cannot penetrate, preventing it from attacking duck parents and their young.

The cover also blocks the hawk’s view of the ducks, making it more difficult for the hawk to locate its prey.

The cover also creates an acoustic barrier that can alert the ducks to the presence of a predator and allow them to take evasive action.

Remove vantage points

Removing tall trees and leafless tree branches can help keep hawks away from your backyard. By eliminating these potential vantage points, you can make it difficult for the hawks to stalk their prey.

You can also cap utility posts with anti-bird spikes or metal cones to further deter the hawks.

Ideally, you want to remove all potential vantage points within a 100-yard radius of your home. This will force the hawks to find a new place to hunt.

Use Owl Decoys and Scarecrows

Hawks are predatory birds that can cause a lot of damage to your backyard poultry flock. Scaring hawks away with scarecrows and owl decoys is an effective way to reduce this damage.

Scarecrows that are moved around often are the most effective at keeping hawks away, so be sure to move them around regularly and they will mistake it to be human presence.

Owl decoys can also be effective at scaring hawks away, as the two birds are natural enemies. Place owl decoys around your property to help keep hawks at bay.

Conclusion on How to Protect Ducks From Predators Such as Hawks

Raising ducks in your backyard is quite a rewarding experience. They may not be the best egg producers, but they will provide you with healthy eggs.

Unfortunately, having ducks in your backyard can also attract unwanted predators such as hawks. But there are a lot of things you can do to protect your free-range ducks from common predators such as hawks.

In summary, hawks can be a nuisance and pose a threat to your poultry so your first priority is to keep your ducks and chickens safe from hawks and other predators.

FAQs on Protecting Ducks From Large Predators

What Are Other Duck Predators Besides Hawks?

If you watch nature documentaries, you will know that ducks are not safe against predators. Besides hawks, there are other duck predators:


Eagles have been known to prey on ducks. These birds are one of the few predators that can take down a duck in mid-flight.

While most birds of prey go after smaller ducks, bald eagles and golden eagles have been known to attack larger ducks. While eagles typically go after sick or injured ducks, they have been known to attack healthy birds as well.


Falcons are known to prey on a variety of birds, including ducks. Nearly 60% of the diet of wild falcons consisted of ducks and other waterbirds.

Falcons typically hunt during the day, using their keen eyesight to spot their prey from a distance. Once they’ve spotted a duck, they will swoop down and grab it with their powerful talons.

While most falcons eat their prey whole, some have been known to tear their prey into smaller pieces before eating it.

Falcons usually hunt alone, but sometimes they will team up with other falcons to hunt larger groups of ducks.


Raccoons are opportunistic feeders, meaning they will take advantage of whatever food source is available to them.

This means that if there is a population of ducks in an area where raccoons are also present, the raccoons may very well prey on them. Duck eggs and ducklings are most vulnerable to raccoons.


Bobcats are known to prey on a variety of animals, including adult ducks and young ducklings. They have been known to attack and kill ducks of all sizes and ages.

Whether it’s a small duckling or a large adult duck or severely injured birds, bobcats will go after them if they’re available.


Coyotes will prey on ducks. They typically hunt in pairs or small packs, and they use a variety of methods to kill their prey, including stalking, chasing, and pouncing.

While coyotes will eat just about anything, they prefer to hunt small prey, such as rodents or birds.

So, if you have a duck pond in your backyard, it’s possible that a coyote may target your ducks as prey.


Fox kills ducks and chickens because it is a voracious hunter. They usually attack smaller prey but they are not above attacking adult ducks and chickens.

They can prey on a single duck but they are more than capable of feeding on more than one duck in one night.

How to Protect Your Ducks, Chickens and Wild Birds From Predators

Ducks and chickens are often a target of a hungry predator. Here’s how you can protect your potential flock members from predators’ hunt.

  • Build a chainlink fence along your back yard duck enclosure. Doing so will keep daytime hunting mammalian predators out.

  • Use a high fence or tall fencing to keep stray dogs and potential predators away from your yard.

  • Use smaller wire mesh for your coop’s exterior.

  • Use pine shavings inside your duck’s house. Top up the pine shaving bedding at night instead of in the morning.

  • Inspect your duck house each night for a trapped snake or raccoons hiding inside coops.

  • Use bird netting or something similar.

  • Leaving duck or chicken feed out attracts skunks and another small predator so it’s recommended to clean up any remaining food on the ground.

  • Make sure your duck or chicken run is well-covered while you do your yard chores.